It would be very easy to use the router table to route the back panel rabbet, but I am trying to make this cabinet without using the router table. I couldn’t avoid the use of the table saw, but it is easier to make a homemade table saw than a homemade router table.
Video with subtitles in English
To route the back panel rabbet I needed a wider base to slide my router on it while I cut the rabbet. You probably know that my work table or workbench is meant to work on it without a lot of consideration, so I just nailed a couple of strips to one side. Those are to give room to the top moulding when I clamp it upright, and to have a wider surface lo slide my router on when I route the rabbets to install the back panel in this small piece of furniture.
In the cabinet sides I route the rabbet from the base to the top, being careful in the beginning and in the end of the cut to keep it straight. I must use the rabbet in the sides of the cabinet to mark, in the top and in the base, where to begin and to finish the rabbet.
The final result are four round corners which we have to cut square with a chisel. If you don´t like to use the chisel or if you don´t have a sharpen one, another option is to use a sanding block (a wooden block with sandpaper around it) and sand to round the four corners of the back panel.
In the video you can see how I glue the dowels that I put in this display cabinet, too. I mark how much they protrude, I insert them in one side of the holes, just enough to keep the tip of the dowels in the holes, I pour some carpenters glue in the other side of the holes, I insert them in the holes until I see the mark in the other side, and I clean the excess of glue.
There is no need to do this with the dowels. I could just drill blind holes for them in the top and in the base of the cabinet, or I could insert them when I put all the pieces of the display cabinet together, but I want to try to paint all the pieces of the cabinet separately because I think I will get a better result that way. But before painting I must cut those small pieces of dowel protruding the base and the top. Then I will put some wood filler and I will sand them to get a smooth surface. But that is something I will do when I prepare all the parts to paint, because I did not select the wood I used, and I have some broken knots that I need to fill, as well as some imperfection caused when I made the parts.
In the video you can also see how I cut the small strips that I will use to hold the side glasses. To cut small strips like those, one needs a table saw and a planer. Another option is to buy the strips in a DIY centre. If you don´t have a planer, the best option is to buy those thin strips, otherwise you will need to sand them, and it is hard to get a nice result.